Environmentally and Economically Friendly Energy Manufacturing

Permeate Refining, in cooperation with our investment partners, own and help operate the following facilities that create the fuels of tomorrow using the waste from yesterday.

Ethanol Plant

A 5 MGPY Advanced Fuel and Fuel Byproducts plant in Hopkinton, Iowa processing paper, Algae, and other cellulosic fuels into fuel and electricity

In cooperation with a federal research program, we upgraded a two million gallon ethanol facility into a modular five million gallon fuel production plant (5 MGPY). While “five million gallons” of any fuel may not seem like much, we see it differently. It is not how much you produce, but how much you make on what you produce. Despite past difficulties with conversions and oversight, we are remaking this plant into a state-of-the-art facility which investors will be glad to be part of.

From 1989 to 2013 the ethanol plant forged new ground by transforming sugar and cellulosic waste it into fuels and fuel byproducts. We learned how to efficiently convert the fuel stillage into fertilizer, animal feed and biogas. We also learned which convertible waste feedstock should be avoided for fuel processing. While not everything went according to plan, we learned a mighty bunch from trying. Because we kept at it, we now have an opportunity to change the face of fuel production. Our sister production facility in California has shown equal success worldwide in modular fuel design and conversions, and we aim to emulate this success.

Our current set-up allows us to process over one hundred million pounds sugar and cellulosic waste into fuel, feed and other byproducts. We are upgrading this process with a new and improved method that will again break new ground in fuel processing standards. We expect to set a new standard in throughput and quality

We are under strict non-disclosure guidelines and cannot release additional information regarding this process at this time. Please contact shareholder services for more information regarding the conversion program.

Biogas Plant

A 10 MWH fluidized bed biomass and fuel cell based biogas power plant in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

From 1998 to 2013 the biogas converted various waste feedstock into synthetic gas which was then fired to operate a steam turbine creating electricity. The biogas plant’s feedstock consisted of ethanol process stillage, waste paper, seeds, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), grass trimmings, tree trimmings, construction waste, manufacturing waste, and many, many other waste feedstock.

Each year, the biogas plant had the capacity to convert over 100 million pounds of waste into synthetic gas, which was then converted into a maximum of 10 MWHs of electricity, or up to 63,000 MWHs per annum. The produced electricity was then sold to a local power production company named Alliant Energy. In working with a federal research program, a greenhouse avoidance model was tested and advocated.

Working together, both the 5 MGPY fuel plant and the biogas plant can represent energy platforms upon which greenhouse gases can be reduced if not reversed.

Alliant Energy constructed the plant in 1997. In 2013 the plant was damaged by flying debris from a neighbor’s business. The company management took this opportunity to review their past production with their federal research co-sponsor, and plan for upgrade to a new cellulosic conversion and fuel production model.

The biogas facility can completely consume wood and other carbon based products which have been contaminated or laced with harmful chemicals turning these contaminated products into usable electricity. The harmful chemicals that remain, which are not completely reformulated due to excessive heat, are embedded into ash and subsequently used to mix with cement and/or road construction.

We look forward to completing the install of this new process upon approved funding in early 2016.

Algae Farm

RWE's first facility sets a new environmentally friendly standard for the future production of a continuous supply of ASTM graded fuel at affordable prices - today!

In cooperation with a federal research program, from 2009 through 2013 a unique method of growing, and processing algae was developed. This process was first tested in South Carolina.

We graduated beyond this initial development and prepared another step forward. Because of the importance of this effort, we remain under strict non-disclosure requirements with the process developers.

Working in conjunction with our modular fuel production plant above, once operational, the algae production facility will showcase a state-of-the-art process which the competition will be pressed to duplicate. Some of the benefits of algae include:

•Algae biofuel produces no sulfur, is non-toxic, and is highly biodegradable

•The strain we will be using is high in protein

•Once oil and protein is extracted, the remaining cake can be used as feed

•Our growing process requires limited solar inputs

•We can grow a lot of it for a good profit